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 ARTICLE
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 44  |  Page : 132--140

Output sound pressure levels of personal music systems and their effect on hearing


Dr. MV Shetty College of Speech and Hearing, Vidyanagar, Mangalore - 575 013, India

Correspondence Address:
Ajith Kumar
Dr. MV Shetty College of Speech and Hearing, Vidyanagar, Mangalore - 575 013
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1463-1741.53357

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This study looked at output levels produced by new generation personal music systems (PMS), at the level of eardrum by placing the probe microphone in the ear canal. Further, the effect of these PMS on hearing was evaluated by comparing the distortion product otoacoustic emissions and high frequency pure tone thresholds (from 3 kHz to 12 kHz) of individuals who use PMS to that of age matched controls who did not use PMS. The relationship between output sound pressure levels and hearing measures was also evaluated. In Phase I output SPLs produced by the PMS were measured in three different conditions - a) at volume control setting that was preferred by the subjects in quiet b) at volume control setting that was preferred by the subject in presence of 65 dB SPL bus noise c) at maximum volume control settings of the instrument. In Phase II pure tone hearing thresholds and DPOAEs were measured. About 30% of individuals in a group of 70 young adults listened to music above the safety limits (80 dBA for 8 hours) prescribed by Ministry of Environment and Forests, India. Addition of bus noise did not increase the preferred volume control settings of the subjects significantly. There were no significant differences between the experimental and control groups for mean pure tone threshold and for mean DPOAE amplitude comparisons. However, a positive correlation between hearing thresholds and music levels and a negative correlation between DPOAE measures and music levels were found.






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