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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 55  |  Page : 402--406

High-frequency audiometry: A means for early diagnosis of noise-induced hearing loss


Department of Occupational Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Amir H Mehrparvar
Department of Occupational Medicine, Shahid Rahnamoun Hospital, Yazd
Iran
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Source of Support: Financial support from Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1463-1741.90295

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Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL), an irreversible disorder, is a common problem in industrial settings. Early diagnosis of NIHL can help prevent the progression of hearing loss, especially in speech frequencies. For early diagnosis of NIHL, audiometry is performed routinely in conventional frequencies. We designed this study to compare the effect of noise on high-frequency audiometry (HFA) and conventional audiometry. In a historical cohort study, we compared hearing threshold and prevalence of hearing loss in conventional and high frequencies of audiometry among textile workers divided into two groups: With and without exposure to noise more than 85 dB. The highest hearing threshold was observed at 4000 Hz, 6000 Hz and 16000 Hz in conventional right ear audiometry, conventional left ear audiometry and HFA in each ear, respectively. The hearing threshold was significantly higher at 16000 Hz compared to 4000. Hearing loss was more common in HFA than conventional audiometry. HFA is more sensitive to detect NIHL than conventional audiometry. It can be useful for early diagnosis of hearing sensitivity to noise, and thus preventing hearing loss in lower frequencies especially speech frequencies.






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