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 ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 63  |  Page : 91--95

Association between sleep disorders, hyperacusis and tinnitus: Evaluation with tinnitus questionnaires


Department of Biotechnological and Applied Clinical Sciences, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquil, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Alessandra B Fioretti
Department of Biotechnological and Applied Clinical Sciences, University of L'Aquila, Viale San Salvatore, Edificio 6 Ingresso A,67100 L'Aquila
Italy
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1463-1741.110287

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Patients with tinnitus are heterogeneous and several factors influence the impact of this symptom on the quality of life. The aim of the study is to evaluate the relationship between age, gender, sleep disorders, hyperacusis and tinnitus annoyance and to demonstrate the utility of tinnitus questionnaires as screening tools for sleep disorders and hyperacusis in patients with tinnitus. 37 consecutive patients (18 males and 19 females) with subjective tinnitus lasting over 3 months were evaluated with a complete interview, otological examination, pure tone audiometry, Italian version of tinnitus sample case history (TSCH) and tinnitus handicap inventory (THI). Statistical analysis was performed with the Wilcoxon's rank sum test, the Spearman's rho non-parametric correlation and the logistic regression analysis. THI grades were slight (16%), mild (32%), moderate (30%), severe (19%) and catastrophic (3%). Based on the answers to TSCH 20 patients reported sleep disorders (54%) and 20 patients reported hyperacusis (54%). 11 patients (30%) reported sleep disorders and hyperacusis. No significant correlation was found between the severity of tinnitus and patients' age and gender. Significant correlation was found between sleep disorders (P = 0.0009) and tinnitus annoyance and between hyperacusis (P = 0.03) and tinnitus annoyance. TSCH and THI may be considered as screening tools in the clinical practice to evidence sleep disorders and hyperacusis in patients with tinnitus.






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