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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 81  |  Page : 85--92

Noise and sleep on board vessels in the Royal Norwegian Navy


1 Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, Research Group for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University of Bergen, Norway, Norway
2 Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, Research Group for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University of Bergen, Norway
3 Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen; Norwegian Competence Center for Sleep Disorders, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway
4 Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Norway

Correspondence Address:
Erlend Sunde
Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, Research Group for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University of Bergen, Arstadveien 21, 5009 Bergen
Norway
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1463-1741.178481

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Previous research indicates that exposure to noise during sleep can cause sleep disturbance. Seamen on board vessels are frequently exposed to noise also during sleep periods, and studies have reported sleep disturbance in this occupational group. However, studies of noise and sleep in maritime settings are few. This study's aim was to examine the associations between noise exposure during sleep, and sleep variables derived from actigraphy among seamen on board vessels in the Royal Norwegian Navy (RNoN). Data were collected on board 21 RNoN vessels, where navy seamen participated by wearing an actiwatch (actigraph), and by completing a questionnaire comprising information on gender, age, coffee drinking, nicotine use, use of medication, and workload. Noise dose meters were used to assess noise exposure inside the seamen's cabin during sleep. Eighty-three sleep periods from 68 seamen were included in the statistical analysis. Linear mixed-effects models were used to examine the association between noise exposure and the sleep variables percentage mobility during sleep and sleep efficiency, respectively. Noise exposure variables, coffee drinking status, nicotine use status, and sleeping hours explained 24.9% of the total variance in percentage mobility during sleep, and noise exposure variables explained 12.0% of the total variance in sleep efficiency. Equivalent noise level and number of noise events per hour were both associated with increased percentage mobility during sleep, and the number of noise events was associated with decreased sleep efficiency.






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