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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 87  |  Page : 41--50

Aviation Noise Impacts: State of the Science


1 Unit for Experimental Psychiatry, Division of Sleep and Chronobiology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
2 Centre for Psychiatry, Barts & The London School of Medicine, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom
3 MRC-PHE Centre for Environment and Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London; Public Health and Primary Care, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, St. Mary’s Hospital, London, United Kingdom
4 Office of Environment and Energy (AEE-3), Federal Aviation Administration, Washington, DC, USA
5 Urban Environment and Safety, TNO (Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research), Delft, The Netherlands
6 M.S. 463 Structural Acoustics Branch, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, USA
7 Penn State, University Park, PA, USA

Correspondence Address:
Mathias Basner
Associate Professor of Sleep and Chronobiology in Psychiatry, Unit for Experimental Psychiatry, Division of Sleep and Chronobiology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, 1019 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6021
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/nah.NAH_104_16

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Noise is defined as “unwanted sound.” Aircraft noise is one, if not the most detrimental environmental effect of aviation. It can cause community annoyance, disrupt sleep, adversely affect academic performance of children, and could increase the risk for cardiovascular disease of people living in the vicinity of airports. In some airports, noise constrains air traffic growth. This consensus paper was prepared by the Impacts of Science Group of the Committee for Aviation Environmental Protection of the International Civil Aviation Organization and summarizes the state of the science of noise effects research in the areas of noise measurement and prediction, community annoyance, children’s learning, sleep disturbance, and health. It also briefly discusses civilian supersonic aircraft as a future source of aviation noise.






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