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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 87  |  Page : 73--78

Assessment of Reduced Tolerance to Sound (Hyperacusis) in University Students


1 Department of Audiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey
2 Institute of Health Sciences, Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Sule Yilmaz
Trakya Universitesi, Saglık Bilimleri Fakultesi - Odyoloji Bolumu, Balkan Yerleskesi, 22030, Edirne
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/nah.NAH_54_16

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Introduction: Hyperacusis is defined as a reduction in tolerance to ordinary environmental sounds. Hyperacusis can occur in individuals of all age groups, making daily life difficult for the sufferers. Although there is no objective test to accurately diagnose hyperacusis, questionnaires are useful for the assessment of hyperacusis. The aim of this study was to explore the reduced sound tolerance in university students using a hyperacusis questionnaire (HQ). Materials and Methods: A total of 536 university students (300 females and 236 males) aged between 18 and 25 years, with a mean age of 21.34 ± 1.87 years, were assessed using an HQ developed by Khalfa. The mean total score of all the participants was 16.34 ± 7.91, and 5.78% of the participants had total scores indicating hyperacusis, where a majority of them were females. Results: Females had significantly higher scores than men in terms of both the total and the attentional and emotional dimensions. The scores of the participants who reported noise exposure or a decrease in their tolerance to noise were significantly higher than those of the other participants. Even among young adults, there was a group of participants suffering from some problems related to decreased tolerance to everyday sounds. Discussion: Although the Turkish translation of the HQ seems to be a reliable tool for evaluating hyperacusis in young adults, further work with various populations of different age groups is required to establish validity and to assess the psychometric qualities of the Turkish form.






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