Original Research Articles should include a 300-word abstract and 3-6 key words. The paper should be divided into sections, with clear instructions for placement of figures and tables in the text. This should be unpublished work not being considered for publication elsewhere.
Review Articles should provide a general overview of the field and critical interpretation of current research in the area. An abstract and key words should also be presented (as for original research articles).
Case Reports should provide brief but complete account of investigation. A 50-word abstract should also be provided.
Conference Reports should be no more than 1000 words and provide an account of the issues addressed and interesting results presented.
Submission of Manuscripts - The Text
Two separate copies of the manuscript are requested on two separate 3.5" disks (PC only) in Microsoft WORD. Please always label your disk with the title of the paper and the name of the first author. Four good quality top, hard copies are also required, using A4 paper, printed one side only, with margins of at least 3.0 cm Top and Bottom, 2.5 cm Left and Right and double-spaced. The electronic and paper copies should be identical.
Each page of the manuscript should be numbered. The front page should contain the article-title, author's name and affiliation, keywords and an abstract. The abstract should not exceed 250 words and should be intelligible without recourse to the main text. Footnotes and a list of notations should be avoided.
Text and heading should be ranged left. Do not use block letters, except for abbreviations. Please do not use indentations to mark the beginning of a paragraph, but leave one blank line between paragraphs. Each paper must be accompanied by a brief abstract and 5-8 keywords
All illustrations should preferably be provided electronically. If generating computer illustrations, please ensure these do not use shading as this distorts on reproduction. Only cross-hatching or black and white for contrast should be used. Computer generated illustrations should be supplied as separate graphic files (in GIF, TIF or JPEG format; 400 dpi) on disk and not embedded in the text of the manuscript.
Please supply hardcopy of illustrations separately, and number (e.g. Figure 1, 2) "Half tones" (black and white photographs) should be on glossy paper, and line diagrams should be of high quality and not photocopies.
Please provide illustrations in the size that you want them to appear in the Journal, or slightly larger (if the size of an illustration is reduced, the sharpness of the image is increased, and vice versa). Care should be taken to ensure that lettering and detail should be legible after the size reduction. Each illustration should bear on the back a number, the author's name and the title of the paper. Legends for illustrations should be presented separately at the end of the manuscript and should be identified by number.
Any necessary copyright permission should be requested at the earliest possible stage, and sent to the Editor.
Tables should be numbered likewise (Table 1, 2, etc) and included in the text. Tables should have a table heading and column headings, with no vertical rules and a minimum of horizontal rules. The Headings should start with a capital letter. Please do not use spaces to align columns in tables, but use only one tab between each vertical column. Please make sure that all the illustrations and tables are cited in the text if not already embedded in it so that the publisher can make sure they are placed correctly.
The ICMJE (www.icmje.org) system is adopted, whereby references should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text (not in alphabetic order). Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in superscript. References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or figure. Use the style of the examples below, which are based on the formats used by the NLM in Index Medicus. The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus. Use complete name of the journal for non-indexed journals.Periodicals and books should accord with the following examples:
Michaud DS, Miller SM, Ferrarotto C, Konkle AT, Keith SE, Campbell KB. Waking levels of salivary biomarkers are altered following sleep in a lab with no further increase associated with simulated night-time noise exposure. Noise Health 2006;8:30-9.
Ringsven MK, Bond D. Gerontology and leadership skills for nurses. 2nd ed. Albany (NY): Delmar Publishers; 1996.
Norman IJ, Redfern SJ, editors. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996.
Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, editors. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995. pp465-78.
Download a PowerPoint presentation on common reference styles and using the reference checking facility on the manuscript submission site.
Manuscripts should be in English and four hardcopies together with two copies on disk submitted to the editor. Only one copy, including the illustrations, will be returned to the author if the paper is not accepted. Authors may not submit manuscripts that are under consideration for.