|Year : 2005 | Volume
| Issue : 28 | Page : 1--15
The Nord-Trondelag Norway Audiometric Survey 1996-98 : Unscreened thresholds and prevalence of hearing impairment for adults > 20 years
HM Borchgrevink1, K Tambs2, HJ Hoffman3
1 Rikshospitalet University Clinic, Oslo, Norway
2 Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology, Oslo, Norway
3 Epidemiology and Biostatistics, National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
As supplement to a general health screening examination (HUNT-II), we conducted a pure-tone audiometry study in 1996-98 on adults ( > 20 years) in 17 of 23 municipalities in Nord-Trondelag, Norway, including questionnaires on occupational and leisure noise exposure, medical history, and symptoms of hearing impairment. The study aims to contribute to updated normative hearing thresholds for age and gender, while evaluating the effects of noise exposure, medical history, and familial or genetic influences on hearing. This paper presents the unscreened hearing threshold data and prevalence of hearing impairment for different age groups and by gender.
Valid audiometric data were collected from 62% (n=50,723) of 82,141 unscreened invited subjects (age-range 20-101 years, mean=50.2 years, SD=17.0 years). Two ambulant audiometric teams each conducted 5 parallel self-administered, pure-tone hearing threshold examinations with the standard test frequencies 0.25-0.5-1-2-3-4-6-8kHz (manual procedure when needed). Tracking audiometers were used in dismountable booths with in-booth noise levels well within ISO criteria, except being at the criterion around 200 Hz. The data were electronically transferred to a personal computer. Test-retest correlations for 99 randomly drawn subjects examined twice were high.
The mean thresholds recorded were some dB elevated from "audiometric zero" even for age group 20-24 years. As also found in other studies, this might indicate too restrictive audiometric reference thresholds. Males had slightly better hearing < 0.5kHz for all age groups. Mean thresholds were poorer in males > 30 years from > 2kHz, with maximal gender differences of ~20dB at 3-4kHz for subjects aged 55-74 years. Weighted prevalence data averaged over 0.5-1-2-4kHz showed hearing impairment > 25dB hearing threshold level of 18.8% (better ear) and 27.2% (worse ear) for the total population - for males 22.2% and 32.0%, for females 15.9% and 23.0%, respectively. Mean hearing loss > 10dB at 6kHz registered for both genders even in age groups 20-24 years may be partly due to calibration artefacts, but might possibly also reflect noise-related socioacusis.
H M Borchgrevink
The Research Council of Norway, P.O. Box 2700 St Hanshaugen, 0131 Oslo
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*