Home Email this page Print this page Bookmark this page Decrease font size Default font size Increase font size
Noise & Health  
 CURRENT ISSUE    PAST ISSUES    AHEAD OF PRINT    SEARCH   GET E-ALERTS    
 
 Next article
 Previous article
Table of Contents

Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
Citation Manager
Access Statistics
Reader Comments
Email Alert *
Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed5410    
    Printed382    
    Emailed1    
    PDF Downloaded19    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 1    

Recommend this journal

 

 ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 60  |  Page : 244--252

The impact of aircraft noise exposure on South African children's reading comprehension: The moderating effect of home language


Department of Psychology and the School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa

Correspondence Address:
Joseph Seabi
Private Bag 3, Department of Psychology, School of Human and Community Development, University of the Witwatersrand, 2050
South Africa
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: National Research Foundation (NRF) and Carnegie Corporation of New York, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1463-1741.102963

Rights and Permissions

Given the limited studies conducted within the African continent, the purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of chronic aircraft noise exposure and the moderating effect of home language on the learners' reading comprehension. The sample comprised 437 (52%) senior primary learners exposed to high levels of aircraft noise (Experimental group) and 337 (48%) learners residing in a quieter area (Control group). Of these, 151 learners in the Experimental group spoke English as a first language (EFL) and 162 spoke English as a second language (ESL). In the Control group, the numbers were similarly divided (EFL n = 191; ESL n = 156). A univariate General Linear Model was used to investigate the effects of aircraft noise exposure and language on reading comprehension, while observing for the possible impact of intellectual ability, gender, and socioeconomic status on the results. A significant difference was observed between ESL and EFL learners in favor of the latter (F 1,419 = 21.95, P =.000). In addition a substantial and significant interaction effect was found between the experimental and control groups for the two language groups. For the EFL speakers there was a strong reduction in reading comprehension in the aircraft noise group. By contrast this difference was not significant for the ESL speakers. Implications of the findings and suggestions for further research are made in the article.






[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*


        
Print this article     Email this article