|Year : 2014 | Volume
| Issue : 73 | Page : 422--426
Stapedial reflex and recruitment: What is the relationship with tinnitus?
Fernando Laffitte Fernandes, Alexandre Caixeta Guimarães, Guilherme Machado de Carvalho, Raquel Mezzalira, Guita Stoler, Jorge Rizzato Paschoal
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil
Tinnitus is characterized by an auditory perception of sound, with no stimuli from the external environment. Tinnitus is an increasingly significant complaint, affecting 10-17% of the world population. As a symptom, it should always be considered with pathology in the auditory system. Our study aims to assess the relationship of this symptom with the presence of a stapedial reflex and the phenomenon of recruitment. Medical records of patients complaining of subjective tinnitus during their first consultation in the Outpatient Clinic of the Unicamp Teaching Hospital, in Brazil, between 2011 and 2012 were analyzed. We carried out a study with 65 non-randomized tinnitus individuals using questionnaires, clinical and audiological evaluations. The visual analogue scale was used to characterize the degree of disturbance caused by tinnitus. Statistical tests were performed using the IBM SPSS Statistics 19. No association was found between tinnitus and the presence of acoustic reflex or phenomenon of recruitment. We concluded that there is no relationship between tinnitus, the phenomenon of recruitment or the presence of an acoustic reflex.
Dr. Fernando Laffitte Fernandes
126, Campinas, SP, Street Tessália Vieira de Carvalho, P.O. Box - 13083-887
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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