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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 112  |  Page : 13--19

Evaluation of Anxiety Sensitivity, Anxiety, Depression, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Patients with Tinnitus

1 Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey
2 Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey
3 Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Yusuf Cagdas Kumbul
Suleyman Demirel University, Research and Training Hospital, 32260, Çünür, Isparta
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/nah.nah_75_21

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Context There may be a connection between tinnitus, a common disease in society, and psychiatric disorders. When the literature is reviewed, it has been realized that more data are needed to elucidate this issue. Aims The aim of this study is to compare the symptoms of anxiety sensitivity, anxiety, depression, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in patients with tinnitus with healthy individuals and to investigate the relationship between tinnitus and psychiatric disorder symptoms. Settings and design This study was designed as a case–control study. Materials and methods Fifty-one patients with tinnitus and 51 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Clinical severity of the psychiatric variables were evaluated by Beck depression inventory, Beck anxiety inventory (BAI), anxiety sensitivity index-3, and adult ADHD self-report scale (ASRS) in patient and control groups. Statistical analysis used Variables are presented as either a number, a percentage, a mean ± standard deviation, or frequency. Chi-squared, Student t tests, and logistic regression analysis were used to examine the relationship between variables. Results Logistic regression analysis results indicated that a significant predictive power of BAI for the presence of tinnitus. Based on a backward-elimination regression analysis, ASRSs (inattention subscale scores) were considered to predict a higher tinnitus handicap inventory score. Conclusion These findings provide additional evidence that anxiety and attention-deficit (inattentive) symptoms could contribute to the pathophysiology of tinnitus.


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