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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 71  |  Page : 240--247

The effect on recognition memory of noise cancelling headphones in a noisy environment with native and nonnative speakers

Brett R C Molesworth1, Marion Burgess2, Belinda Gunnell1, Diana Löffler2, Antje Venjakob3 
1 School of Aviation, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
2 School of Engineering and Information Technology, University of New South Wales, Canberra, ACT 2600, Australia
3 Department of Psychology and Ergonomics, Human-Machine Systems, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin 10623, Germany

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Brett R C Molesworth
Room 205, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052
Australia

Noise has the potential to impair cognitive performance. For nonnative speakers, the effect of noise on performance is more severe than their native counterparts. What remains unknown is the effectiveness of countermeasures such as noise attenuating devices in such circumstances. Therefore, the main aim of the present research was to examine the effectiveness of active noise attenuating countermeasures in the presence of simulated aircraft noise for both native and nonnative English speakers. Thirty-two participants, half native English speakers and half native German speakers completed four recognition (cued) recall tasks presented in English under four different audio conditions, all in the presence of simulated aircraft noise. The results of the research indicated that in simulated aircraft noise at 65 dB(A), performance of nonnative English speakers was poorer than for native English speakers. The beneficial effects of noise cancelling headphones in improving the signal to noise ratio led to an improved performance for nonnative speakers. These results have particular importance for organizations operating in a safety-critical environment such as aviation.


How to cite this article:
Molesworth BR, Burgess M, Gunnell B, Löffler D, Venjakob A. The effect on recognition memory of noise cancelling headphones in a noisy environment with native and nonnative speakers.Noise Health 2014;16:240-247


How to cite this URL:
Molesworth BR, Burgess M, Gunnell B, Löffler D, Venjakob A. The effect on recognition memory of noise cancelling headphones in a noisy environment with native and nonnative speakers. Noise Health [serial online] 2014 [cited 2021 Jan 20 ];16:240-247
Available from: https://www.noiseandhealth.org/article.asp?issn=1463-1741;year=2014;volume=16;issue=71;spage=240;epage=247;aulast=Molesworth;type=0