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  Access statistics : Table of Contents
   2014| July-August  | Volume 16 | Issue 71  
    Online since July 18, 2014

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The effect on recognition memory of noise cancelling headphones in a noisy environment with native and nonnative speakers
Brett R C Molesworth, Marion Burgess, Belinda Gunnell, Diana Löffler, Antje Venjakob
July-August 2014, 16(71):240-247
DOI:10.4103/1463-1741.137062  PMID:25033791
Noise has the potential to impair cognitive performance. For nonnative speakers, the effect of noise on performance is more severe than their native counterparts. What remains unknown is the effectiveness of countermeasures such as noise attenuating devices in such circumstances. Therefore, the main aim of the present research was to examine the effectiveness of active noise attenuating countermeasures in the presence of simulated aircraft noise for both native and nonnative English speakers. Thirty-two participants, half native English speakers and half native German speakers completed four recognition (cued) recall tasks presented in English under four different audio conditions, all in the presence of simulated aircraft noise. The results of the research indicated that in simulated aircraft noise at 65 dB(A), performance of nonnative English speakers was poorer than for native English speakers. The beneficial effects of noise cancelling headphones in improving the signal to noise ratio led to an improved performance for nonnative speakers. These results have particular importance for organizations operating in a safety-critical environment such as aviation.
  5,915 17 1
Factoid forensics: Have "more than 40" Australian families abandoned their homes because of wind farm noise?
Simon Chapman
July-August 2014, 16(71):208-212
DOI:10.4103/1463-1741.137043  PMID:25033786
Anti-wind farm activists repeatedly claim that families said to be adversely affected by noise from wind turbines "abandon" their homes. In Australia, a claim of "more than 40 families" has been made by a prominent anti-wind farm activist. Six sources (parliamentary submissions, media reports, an anti-wind farm website, wind industry sources, correspondence with known anti-wind farm activists and with three politicians opposed to wind farms) were used to find evidence of home "abandonments." Claims about 12 Australian households permanently (n = 10) or periodically (n = 2) leaving their homes were found. However, no house appears to have been permanently "abandoned" without sale, as the expression implies. These 12 cases need contextualizing against considerations that several of those involved were either dedicated activists against wind farms from times sometimes pre-dating their construction, were engaged in protracted negotiations for home purchase with wind companies, had pre-existing health problems, grievances with the wind company over employment or had left the area for unrelated reasons of employment elsewhere. The statement that "more than 40" houses have been "abandoned" because of wind turbines in Australia is a factoid promoted by wind farm opponents for dramatic, rhetorical impact. Other considerations are often involved in abandonment unrelated to the claims made about wind farm noise.
  5,648 24 1
Comparison of the effects of N-acetyl-cysteine and ginseng in prevention of noise induced hearing loss in male textile workers
Afsaneh Doosti, Yones Lotfi, Abdollah Moossavi, Enayatollah Bakhshi, Azita Hajhossein Talasaz, Ahmad Hoorzad
July-August 2014, 16(71):223-227
DOI:10.4103/1463-1741.137057  PMID:25033789
Previous studies revealed the role of antioxidant agents in prevention of noise induced hearing loss (NIHL). The aim of this study was to compare the protective effect of N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC) and ginseng on protection of NIHL in textile workers exposed to continuous noise in daily working. In this study, 48 participants were randomly allocated to three groups; Group I received NAC 1200 mg/day, Group II received ginseng 200 mg/day, and Group III (control group) received no supplement. Pure tone audiometry and high frequency audiometry were performed preshift before and after 14 days (on day 15). Linear regression analysis results showed reduced noise-induced temporary threshold shift (TTS) for NAC and ginseng groups at 4, 6 and 16 kHz (P < 0.001) in both ears. Furthermore, the protective effects were more prominent in NAC than ginseng. Our results show that NAC and ginseng can reduce noise induced TTS in workers exposed to occupational noise. Further studies are needed to prove antioxidants benefits in hearing conservation programs.
  5,611 25 -
Noise pollution: Recent challenges in Indian scenario
Harshal T Pandve, Parvinder Singh Chawla
July-August 2014, 16(71):248-248
DOI:10.4103/1463-1741.137064  PMID:25033792
  5,401 20 -
Evaluation of community response to wind turbine-related noise in Western New York State
Shannon R Magari, Clinton E Smith, Martin Schiff, Annette C Rohr
July-August 2014, 16(71):228-239
DOI:10.4103/1463-1741.137060  PMID:25033790
As the boundaries of harvesting wind energy expand to meet the ever-increasing societal energy demands, the number and size of wind turbines being constructed rises. As part of a larger project to monitor sound in an operating wind park in western New York State, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among individuals living in and around the wind park to characterize the perception, level of annoyance, and self-reported health effects of residents. We conducted the study in a 126 MW wind park consisting of 84 turbines spanning approximately 19 square miles of farmland. Short-term outdoor and indoor sound level measurements were also performed at each dwelling in which a questionnaire was administered. To our knowledge, this study is the first to collect sound measurements at individual residences. There was no apparent exposure-response relationship between an individual's level of annoyance and the short duration sound measurements collected at the time of the survey. There was a correlation between an individual's concern regarding health effects and the prevalence of sleep disturbance and stress among the study population. The siting process is unique to each community with varying degrees of success. Additional sound level measurements inside and outside homes in larger cohorts in concert with detailed questionnaires would be useful in verifying those exposure-response relationships found in studies using calculated sound level data. Additional research should include a detailed investigation of sleep patterns and possible disturbance in those living in and near operating wind turbine projects.
  5,324 27 1
Noise measurement in total knee arthroplasty
Lukas A Holzer, Andreas Leithner, Michael Kazianschütz, Gerald Gruber
July-August 2014, 16(71):205-207
DOI:10.4103/1463-1741.137040  PMID:25033785
Few studies have been performed to analyze noise levels produced by various surgical instruments in the operating room (OR). The highest levels of noise that have been described were due to instruments used for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). These high levels of noise might be a potential health hazard for patients and medical staff. Therefore, we aimed to measure noise levels of current instruments that are widely used worldwide. During a conventional primary TKA the levels of noise in the OR were measured using a Class 1 integrating-averaging sound level meter. The highest A-weighted equivalent level was produced when using a hammer during the implantation of the femoral and tibial components with 90.2 dBA. In total surgical instruments were used for about 10% of the total time of surgery. Noise exposure due to instrument use during TKA does not seem to be a potential health hazard for medical staff or patients.
  4,075 25 -
Effects of high frequency noise on female rat's multi-organ histology
Laijun Xue, Dajun Zhang, Xiaokaiti·Yibulayin, Ting Wang, Xi Shou
July-August 2014, 16(71):213-217
DOI:10.4103/1463-1741.137048  PMID:25033787
To investigate the pathological damage of high-frequency stable noise exposure on the brain, heart, liver, and spleen of female rat's. Controlled animal intervention study. Twenty female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into experimental and control groups with 10 rats in each group. Rats in the experimental group were exposed to continuous high-frequency stable noise for 2 weeks (3 h/day)followed by the pathological damages in the rat's brain, heart, liver, and spleen were compared with those of the control group. After 2 weeks' continuous exposure to high-frequency stable noise, compared with the control group, the most prominent histopathologic changes in the brain tissue structures of the experimental group included loose disorder, hyperemia, edema, blood vessels expand, glial cell hyperplasia, mild atypia in some areas (hyperchromatic nuclei, irregular karyotype), and no degeneration and necrosis. There were dilatation and congestion of central vein, hepatic sinus, and interlobular veins of liver tissue. The structure of hepatic lobule was destroyed by inflammatory cell infiltration, as well as lymphoid nodule formation. There was hyperemia in spleen, but the structure was clear. There was extravasated blood, and the splenic sinuses were highly expanded by a blood clot. Hyperplasias of the lymphoid of white pulp were also active. There was dilation and congestion in myocardial interstitial vascular, and there was mild degeneration and hyperemia in myocardial cells. No hemorrhage and myocardial necrosis were observed. High-frequency stable noise can cause pathological damage in brain, liver, spleen, and heart tissues of female rat at a various degree.
  4,054 22 -
Chinese-adapted youth attitude to noise scale: Evaluation of validity and reliability
Xiaofang Zhu, Ali Bihi, Xiaolan Hu, Yaqi Lv, Ali Abbas, Xian Zhu, Lingyan Mo, Xiaoxia Peng
July-August 2014, 16(71):218-222
DOI:10.4103/1463-1741.137055  PMID:25033788
Noise exposure is central to hearing impairment, especially for adolescents. Chinese youth frequently and consciously expose themselves to loud noise, often for many hours. Hence, a Chinese-adapted evaluative scale to measure youth's attitude toward noise could rigorously evaluate data validity and reliability. After authenticating the youth attitude to noise scale (YANS) originally developed by Olsen and Erlandsson, we purposively sampled and surveyed 642 freshmen at Capital Medical University in Beijing, China. To establish validity, we conducted confirmatory factor analysis according to Olsen's classification. To establish reliability, we calculated Cronbach's alpha coefficient and split-half coefficient. We used Bland-Altman analysis to calculate the agreement limits between test and retest. Among 642 students, 550 (85.67%) participated in statistical analysis (399 females [72.55%] vs. 151 males [27.45%]). Confirmatory factorial analysis sorted 19 items into four main subcategories (F1-F4) in terms of factor load, yielding a correlation coefficient between factors <0.40. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient (0.70) was within the desirable range, confirming the reliability of Chinese-adapted YANS. The split-half coefficient was 0.53. Furthermore, the paired t-test reported a mean difference of 0.002 (P = 0.9601). Notably, the mean overall YANS score (3.46) was similar to YANS testing in Belgium (3.10), but higher than Sweden (2.10) and Brazil (2.80). The Chinese version of the YANS questionnaire is valid, reliable, and adaptable to Chinese adolescents. Analysis of the adapted YANS showed that a significant number of Chinese youth display a poor attitude and behavior toward noise. Therefore, Chinese YANS can play a pivotal role in programs that focus on increasing youth awareness of noise and hearing health.
  3,862 18 -
Noise-related sleep disturbances: Does gender matter?
Martin Röösli, Evelyn Mohler, Patrizia Frei, Danielle Vienneau
July-August 2014, 16(71):197-204
DOI:10.4103/1463-1741.137036  PMID:25033784
Women sleep differently and report differently about sleep disturbances than men. However, it is unclear whether the sleep of women and men is affected differently by traffic noise exposure. We aimed to address gender specific noise effects by using objective and subjective exposure measures as well as objective and subjective outcome data. In a questionnaire survey conducted in 2008 including 733 women and 533 men from Basel, Switzerland, with follow-up 1 year later, we collected data on subjective sleep disturbances and annoyance to road traffic noise. Objective noise exposure data was obtained using validated propagation models. In a nested diary study with 119 participants, objective sleep efficiency and sleep duration was measured by means of actigraphic devices for 1551 nights. Data were analyzed using random intercept mixed-effects multilevel regression models adjusted for relevant confounding factors. Objectively measured sleep duration in highly exposed men (>55 dB) was reduced by 1.5 h (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.3-0.8 h) compared with low exposed men (<30 dB). No noise effect on sleep duration was observed in women. The association of modeled noise exposure with self-reported sleep quality rating was also more pronounced in men (−0.8 unit, 95% CI: −1.4 to −0.2) than in women (−0.3 unit, 95% CI: −0.8 to 0.2). However, in highly annoyed women reduction in sleep quality and well-being rating tended to be stronger than in highly annoyed men. Our study provides some indications that noise exposure affects men's sleep differently than women's sleep, which may have distinct long-term health consequences.
  3,059 16 -
Effect of noise on the health of bus drivers
Viroj Wiwantikit
July-August 2014, 16(71):249-249
DOI:10.4103/1463-1741.137066  PMID:25033793
  2,326 23 -