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Figure 2. Scheme of the bridge between auditory excitation and autonomic, especially endocrine reactions (sensation - emotion). The amygdala which is part of the auditory system and the subcortical fear memory plays the most important role responding specifically to longer lasting adverse noise signals and causing (chronically) increased release of stress hormones (e.g. cortisol) [ACTH=AdrenoCorticoTropic Hormone; BetaE=Beta Endorphine; CRH=Corticotropin Releasing Hormone; POMC=ProOpioMelanoCortine Cells; AG=Adrenal Gland].

Figure 2. Scheme of the bridge between auditory excitation and autonomic, especially endocrine
reactions (sensation - emotion). The amygdala which is part of the auditory system and the subcortical
fear memory plays the most important role responding specifically to longer lasting adverse noise
signals and causing (chronically) increased release of stress hormones (e.g. cortisol)
[ACTH=AdrenoCorticoTropic Hormone; BetaE=Beta Endorphine; CRH=Corticotropin Releasing
Hormone; POMC=ProOpioMelanoCortine Cells; AG=Adrenal Gland].